Also, what convinced them to target these markets in 2015 was the high level of smartphone and 4G penetration there as well as the opportunity of unsolved problems such as online payments and ﬁnancing. They also observed the lack of tech-enabled commerce platforms for selling and buying goods. But there was a high demand for such solutions. “For us as Indian founders, it was a pretty big leap of faith to take because we weren't well acquainted with the Southeast Asian market,” says Kapoor, who along with Bose spent many months in markets such Thailand and Indonesia doing their research. “We were on the ground in Thailand, literally going door-todoor and meeting small sellers and were working with translators to understand how they do business.” Fashion is an over-$3-trillion industry, in which a majority of retailers struggle with meeting consumer demand for fast, on-trend and responsibly produced products due to inefﬁciencies and information asymmetry. Singapore-headquartered Zilingo is addressing these problems by creating a full-stack technology platform that makes the supply chain fair, transparent and connected. An alumnus of IIT-Guwahati, Kapoor who also had a stint at internet company Yahoo, led conception and development of the company’s numerous proprietary software tools and technologies to shape the retail and supply-chain tech for consumers and merchants. He is building these innovations with the help of 180 engineers who work at the ﬁrm's technology and innovation hub in Bengaluru. The Zilingo platform is at the centre of the company’s supply chain innovation, and enables businesses to buy and sell goods in bulk; access ﬁnancing, logistics, and other services. It also sources apparel from its network of factories; and help them track and optimize their production process. The company has built a global network which consists of 6,000 factories and 75,000 businesses. Besides Southeast Asia, Zilingo now has customers in the US, Europe and Australia, where brands traditionally lack transparency over the supply chain and manufacturing processes. Last December, Zilingo, acquired Sri Lanka-based software-as-a-service company, nCinga Innovations, for $15.5 million in a cash-and-stock deal. The acquisition would help Zilingo scale up its global supply chain capabilities. It would also help drive the adoption of the manufacturing execution system (MES) software across Zilingo’s global network, enabling access to previously untapped markets. An addition to Zilingo’s technology stack, the MES software automates operations on the factory ﬂoor by enabling access to real-time data on the go. The ﬁrm also plans to leverage its global manufacturer network to increase distribution of the software- speciﬁcally for core fashion manufacturing markets such as Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand and Turkey. “It is incredibly hard for managers and factory owners to track...the quality level and the defects and nCinga’s team sets up tablets which enable the managers to track defects and throughput of each production line,” says Kapoor. Additionally, using the Internet of Things, a technology where devices communicate with each other intelligently, line managers and owners are able to completely digitize the factory. These include live dashboards within the factory and mobile apps that provide critical insights.